Can Gum Health Affect Pregnancy?

Research in Oral Health & Preventative Dentistry suggests that treating gingivitis in pregnant dental patients will lower their risk of preterm births and will also increase birth weights. Gingivitis refers to the early stage of gum disease, an infection of the gum tissue. It often presents with inflammation in the gums, which can affect the body’s inflammatory response.

This will then impact other health factors, such as pregnancy. Pregnancy in turn increases blood flow through the body, including the gums, which might make the patient more likely to contract gum disease.

With this link between gum health and pregnancy, it is crucial that pregnant patients maintain good oral health. Read on to learn more about gum disease along with how you can prevent this type of oral infection.

periodontal disease risks with pregnancy

How Does My Dentist Treat Gingivitis?

Gum disease is easier to treat when diagnosed and treated in its early phase, gingivitis. During this stage of gum disease, the infection is still in the gum tissue rather than spread to the teeth and jaw. The dentist can start treating this disease as soon as they spot it.

They begin periodontal therapy with a thorough cleaning technique called scaling and root planing. During this process, the dentist scrapes away excess bacteria and plaque from hard-to-reach spots in the mouth, like deep in the gum pockets.

Your dentist will likely suggest an antibacterial rinse to use at home as well. This type of mouthwash will balance the natural bacteria in your mouth to reduce your risk of reinfection. It can also relieve symptoms like swelling and soreness in the gums as well.

If gum disease persists, your dentist might need to refer you to an expert who can use laser or surgical methods to remove damaged gum tissue and restore the health of your gums.

Can I Prevent Gum Disease?

Some patients, like pregnant people, may have a higher risk of getting gum disease. In these cases, it is important to consult your dentist about preventative measures that can protect your gum health. They may suggest adding mouthwash or other products to your routine to better fight oral infections.

Good oral hygiene is crucial to keeping your gums healthy. Brushing teeth at least twice a day and flossing daily are necessary to remove plaque and other harmful residues that can spread bacteria to your gums.

Make sure you visit your dentist for routine teeth cleanings too to maximize your oral hygiene and preventative dental care. During these appointments, your dentist will also perform a periodontal disease screening.

Not every case of gingivitis presents with noticeable symptoms like inflamed gums. You will need your dentist to check your gums for signs of disease in order to preserve your smile.

The average dental patient needs this routine dental care every six months. But some patients with underlying health conditions might need to see their dentist three or four times per year.